The mining industry is the largest customer for Canada’s transportation sector
Facts at Your Fingertips
The Mining Facts section is designed for your use as a quick reference tool presenting the most important and most currently available facts about the mining sector in British Columbia and Canada.
The mining industry and Canada’s rail system have an important relationship—the industry provided 52% of rail freight revenues in 2013. In terms of volume, rail remained dependent on mining in 2013, with 46% ofits commodity volume comining from mining.
The coal industry was responsible for approximately 42,030 direct and indirect jobs across Canada & represented $2,606 billion in wages and salaries
As of 2011 there are twenty-three producing coal mines in Canada; 10 producing metallurgical coal, 13 thermal coal and one mine producing both
Coal producing provinces in Canada are: Britsh Columbia, Alberta, Saskatechewan and Nova Scotia
The industry contributed $54 billion to Canada’s gross domestic product in 2013; this included $22 billion in mineral extraction and over $32 billion in mineral processing and manufacturing.
In 2011 the coal industry contributed $5 billion to Canada's GDP
Total tax revenue from coal mining in Canada in 2011 was approximately $698 million; added to this, $344 million was reported as mineral royalties and mineral land taxes
Total mining establishments across Canada in 2013 were 1,262. Of this group, metal mines numbered 75 and non-metals 1,187. The provinces with the most metal mines are: Quebec with 24, Ontario with 19 and British Columbia with 9.
Canada has a large mineral-processing industry, with 30 non-ferrous metal smelters and refineries in six provinces
Canada ranks among the top five countries in the global production of 11 major minerals and metals
The mining industry needs 12,100 new workers each year over the next decade to replace current positions and fill new ones to meet baseline production targets.
Canada's mining industry plans to invest $160 billion in projects over the next decade, with multiple billions in each of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories
According to the Mining Industry Human Resources Council, the Canadian mining industry will require 121,000 workers over the next decade. This deficit is compounded
by the approaching retirement of the industry’s skilled core of workers. By 2024, MiHR forecasts more than 53,000 employees will retire from the sector.
The average annual pay for a mining worker in 2013 exceeded $110,000, which surpassed the average annual earnings of workers in forestry, manufacturing, finance and construction by a range of $31,000 to $46,000 for those sectors. This wage gap has remained relatively consistent in recent years.
The mining industry employed 383,140 people in 2013, representing 1 in every 47 Canadian jobs.
The Canadian mining industry boasts the highest wages and salaries of all industrial sectors in Canada
Internationally, Canada is one of the leading mining countries and one of the largest producers of minerals and metals. The industry accounted for 19.6% of the value of Canadian goods exports in 2013 selling a diversified array of minerals abroad. Exports of aluminum, copper, gold, iron and steel, iron ore, nickel, silver, uranium, zinc,diamonds, potash and coal ranged from $1.5 billion to $17.7 billion each.
Canadian mining and metals companies invested $522 million in research and development (R&D) in 2013. The industry also employs over 4,700 people in R&D in 2012.
Vancouver features the world’s leading cluster of exploration companies; Montreal is home to major aluminum and iron ore firms. Toronto is the global hub for mining finance. Edmonton is the global centre for oil sands expertise, Saskatoon for uranium and potash.
Canada is the leading global centre for mining finance. The Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) and TSX Venture handled 48% of the world's mining equity transactions in 2013.
The mining industry is the leading customer of Canadian ports.
Canada slipped from the world’s top destination for exploration spending in 2012 to the second spot behind Australia in 2013. Canada’s percentage of global mineral investment dropped from 18% in 2011 to 13% in 2013, which is indicative of the fierce competition for global mineral investment.
In 2013, exploration investment fell year-over-year by 41% to $2.3 billion. Precious metals attracted the lion’s share of Canadian exploration spending again in 2013, accounting for 48%
Proportionally, the mining industry is the largest private sector employer of Aboriginal Canadians. According to Statistics Canada, the number of Aboriginal people employed in the mining sector increased by 14% to 10,300 people from 2007 to 2012.
Historically, the value of minerals and metals to Canada’s economy has ranged between 2.7% and 4.5% of the country’s GDP. In 2013, the industry’s contribution remained within this range at 3.4%.