The mining industry is the largest customer for Canada’s transportation sector

Photo courtesy of Imperial Metals Corp.

Mining Facts

Facts at Your Fingertips

The Mining Facts section is designed for your use as a quick reference tool presenting the most important and most currently available facts about the mining sector in British Columbia and Canada.

Mining Facts

Gross mining revenues for the BC mining industry were $ 8.7 billion in 2016, compared to $7.7 billion in 2015.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
In 2016, the BC mining industry made total payments to the government and government agencies of $650 million, an increase from $476 million in 2015.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
The number of people working in direct jobs at the surveyed operations increased to 9,329 in 2016,compared to 9,221 in 2015 and 9,954 in 2014.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Capital expenditures were $1.4 billion,up from $1.2 billion in 2015 but down slightly from $1.5 billion in 2014.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Vancouver is the world’s leading centre of expertise for mineral exploration. Some 700 exploration companies are located in British Columbia, most in the greater Vancouver area
Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016
Lead revenue was $255 million in 2016, up significantly from $141 million in 2015 and $162 million in 2014.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Shipments for metallurgical coal rose to 25.4 million tonnes in 2016 as compared to 24.4 million tonnes in 2015
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Steelmaking coal accounted for 27% of the total volume handled at the Port of Vancouver in 2015, which moves shipments to China, Japan and other Asian markets.
Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016
Metallurgical coal led net revenues at 40% in BC's mining sector in 2016, followed by copper  at 25%,zinc at 12%, gold at 9%, silver at 8%, lead & misc at 5% and molybdenum at 1%.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Copper concentrate revenue totaled $1.8 billion in 2016 compared to $2.0 billion in 2015 and $2.2 billion in 2014.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Gold revenues jumped to $651 million in 2016 compared to $519 million in 2015 and $461 million in 2014.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Zinc revenue climbed to $877 million compared to $818 million in 2015 and $711 million in 2014.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Silver revenue came in at $589 million in 2016, compared to $535 million in 2015and $487 million in 2014.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Cash flow from BC operations $2.6 billion in 2016, up over $900 million from $1.7 billion in 2015.
PwC Building for the Future : The mining industry in British Columbia 2016
Mine reclamation is a fundamental part of the mining life cycle in British Columbia. The Technical & Research Committee on Reclamation (TRCR) has been dedicated to excellence in mine reclamation in B.C. since 1977.
Technical and Research Committe on Reclamation

Canada has a large mineral-processing industry, with 33 non-ferrous metal smelters and refineries in seven provinces

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

The mining industry needs 106,000 new workers over the next decade to 2025.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

The mining industry and Canada’s rail system have an important relationship—the industry provided 51.4% of rail freight revenues in 2015. In terms of volume, rail remained dependent on mining in 2015, with 32% of its commodity volume comining from mining.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

The industry $56 billion contribution to Canada’s gross domestic product in 2015 included $24.6 billion in mineral extraction, and $30.9 billion in mineral processing and manufacturing.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

In 2016, that more than 3,700 firms provide technical, legal, financial, accounting, environmental and other expertise to the Canadian mining industry. Most of these suppliers are located in Ontario and British Columbia, followed by Alberta, Quebec, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

Canada ranks among the top five countries in the global production of 13 major minerals and metals (potash, uranium, nickel, niobium, cobalt, aluminum, platinum, salt, sulphur, tungsten, diamonds, graphite and gold).

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

Total mining establishments across Canada in 2014 were 1,192. Of this group, metal mines numbered 72 and non-metals 1,120. The provinces with the most metal mines are: Quebec with 24, Ontario with 19 and British Columbia with 8.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

According to the Mining Industry Human Resources Council (MiHR), the Canadian mining industry will require 106,000 new workers over the next decade. This deficit is compounded by the approaching retirement of the industry’s skilled core of workers. By 2025,MiHR forecasts that more than 51,000 employees will retire from the sector.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

The average annual pay for a mining worker in 2015 exceeded $115,000, which surpassed the average annual earnings of workers in forestry, manufacturing, finance and construction by a range of $32,000 to $43,000 for those sectors. This wage gap has remained relatively consistent in recent years.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

The mining industry employed 373,435 people in 2015, representing 1 in every 48 Canadian jobs.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

The Canadian mining industry boasts the highest wages and salaries of all industrial sectors in Canada.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

Internationally, Canada is one of the leading mining countries and one of the largest producers of minerals and metals. The industry accounted for 19% of the value of Canadian goods exports in 2015 selling a diversified array of minerals abroad. Exports of aluminum, copper, gold, iron and steel, iron ore, nickel, silver, uranium, zinc,diamonds, potash and coal and other products ranged from several hundred million to $17.6 billion.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

Canadian mining and metals companies invested $677 million in research and development (R&D) in 2016.  The industry also employs over 4,500 people in R&D.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

Vancouver features the world’s leading cluster of exploration companies, while Montreal is home to major aluminum and iron ore firms. Edmonton has become a global centre for oil sands expertise and Saskatoon for uranium and potash.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

Canada is the leading global centre for mining finance. The Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) and TSX Venture handled 57% of the world's mining equity transactions in 2013 and accounted for 62% of the global mining equity raised in 2014..

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

The mining industry is the leading customer of Canadian ports.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

Proportionally, the mining industry is the largest private sector employer of Aboriginal Canadians. According to Statistics Canada, the number of Aboriginal people employed in the mining sector increased by 12% to 10,300 people from 2007 to 2015. MiHR
research indicates that approximately 12,700 Aboriginal people.
were working in the mining industry in 2015,

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016

Historically, the value of minerals and metals to Canada’s economy has ranged between 2.7% and 4.5% of the country’s GDP. In 2015, the industry’s contribution remained within this range at 3.4%.

Mining Association of Canada, Facts & Figures 2016